In silico models are often built solely on publicly available data which may mean that they are less predictive for proprietary chemical space. Data sharing initiatives can improve the performance of such models, but organisations are often unable to share their data due to the need to protect their business interests and maintain the confidentiality of the chemicals in their research and development programmes. In silico models like Derek Nexus, which use expert knowledge to develop structural alerts based on chemical toxicity, can use proprietary data to identify new areas of chemical space and/or refine existing alerts whilst still preserving the privacy of the confidential data. Five hundred and thirty seven proprietary chemicals with skin sensitisation data were shared which led to the implementation of 7 new alerts and 5 modified alerts, with a concomitant 19% increase in sensitivity and 3% increase in specificity of the model.
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